12 December 2011

Early Known Use of the 1980 Issue

The very first stamp set printed after postal service resumed in 1979 is the April 1980 "National Liberation" issue. It consists of four values, denominations are in riels which reintroduced in mid March 1980.

Although the stamps were scheduled to be issued on 10th April, they were made available to the public before it.

Here is a postal cover from Phnom Penh to Geneva franked with a full set, the three CPO postmarks show 9th April 1980, a day ahead of the official issue date.

In Phnom Penh it is common that postage stamps and philatelic products are actually available earlier or way later than the announced date of issue. This may due to the fact that philately in Cambodia virtually does not exist, postal clerks find it unimportant to strictly follow the time plan of sales.

The phenomenon happened to the post 1979 first issue and many issues onwards, and it is still happening now.

6 December 2011

Royalties Autographed Covers

Autographed by HM King Sihanouk, HM Queen Monineath and HM King Sihamoni.

They are in the collection of Mr Min Zhu of the Chinese Ministry of Foreign Affairs Philatelic Association.

25 November 2011

Chinese Engineer Brigade in UNTAC Mission

In April 1992 at the request of the UN Secretary General Boutros Boutros-Ghali, the People's Republic of China sent 47 military Observers and 400 engineers to aid the rehabilitation of Cambodia during the UNTAC time.

Engineering units from 5 countries participated in the rehabilitation mission: PR China, Thailand, Japan, Poland and France. PR China was the first time to join a UN peacekeeping mission and the brigade did not have their own field post. I have not come across any philatelic documentation on their mail, yet a 1994 book titled "Blue Helmets from China" by Zhengfeng Xu, a veteran from the mission, provides a very scarce peep at how the Chinese wrote home. Here is a rough translation on the relevant lines (original text in Chinese):

"... in the beginning it was difficult to send mail to China and very difficult to receive mail from China because of the mail route problem, there was no mail exchange between China and Cambodia.

"According to UNTAC, mail to China was to be handled by the Force Communications Unit run by the Australian contingent. However we had no PO Box in China ... and so things did not work. To solve the problem, the former Engineering Corps Department arranged ... to assign the Beijing Box 3947 at 46 Taiping Road for use, the postcode is 100857 ...

"... in August 1992 ... the UNTAC HQ assigned Air France to take Chinese mail twice a week, postage is paid by UNTAC. The mail route is Phnom Penh - HCM City - Bangkok - Beijing. Each week the Beijing International Post and Telecommunications Office picks up mail at the aiport from Air France, then through the 3947 box, the mail is delivered with military post cachet applied. And so the mail is by special delivery, it has no postage stamps, it only has the blue UNTAC datemark along with the red triangular (Chinese) military cachet.

"Now it is convenient to write to us, just send the mail to Beijing Box 3947 with 20-cent stamp franked would do ..."

The Chinese People's Liberation Army (PLA) was so proud of the Brigade that in 1993 when was the 66th anniversary of the founding of the PLA, China Post issued a commemorative cover (serial PFTN-1) to hail the Brigade for their contribution to the UNTAC peace mission. The print run was 10,000, an unknown amount of them were postally sent from Beijing to the two Chinese Engineers Brigade camps in Phnom Penh.

Those covers sent to Phnom Penh have the Beijing 1st August 1993 postmark, it was the date marking the 66th anniversary of the PLA foundation. The UNTAC 16th August postmark tells the arrival date.

A special handstamp cachet with a stylised pigeon and the inscription "In commemoration of the participation of Chinese Engineering Brigade in UN Peacekeeping Mission in Cambodia" was also issued for stamping.

6 November 2011

France'98 World Cup Essays

The stamp above is from the FRANCE'98 World Cup 6v and 1 S/S set which was officially issued on 10th January 1998.

And this is an essay of it.

One of the first materialized essays for the 6v are all in this format, a French Tricolour ribbon crosses the top left corner, a national flag placed vertically on the lower left, and a large picture of player on the right.

These are the flags chosen:
  • 200r - Italy
  • 500r - Brazil
  • 900r - Germany
  • 1000r - Argentina
  • 1500r - the United Kingdom
  • 4000r - Spain

Football fans easily spot the reason of selection and a foolish mistake. Except UK, all the countries were in the top 5 seeds. UK does not compete as a single entity, England and Scotland are represented by their own home nation teams.

The 5400r vertical souvenir sheet essay features a footballer with "World Cup Participants" in French at the bottom.

The finalized designs are all horizontal but not vertical, and the stamps are not specially devoted to specific national teams.

24 October 2011

2011 Flood of Cambodia

Currently the world's attention is focusing on the extensive flood of Thailand. High pressure over the north South China Sea has made the typhoons of this year hit the Indochinese Peninsula more frequent than usual, this multiplies the amount of monsoon rainfall over the northern and central parts of the Peninsula. Consequently the Mekong and the Maenam (the Chao Phraya River) swell which flood Cambodia, Laos, Vietnam and Thailand.

Cambodia has fallen as one of the victims of global climate change.
Postcard: flooded Phnom Penh in 1990s
Stamp: 2010 Combat Climate Change
Postmark: 05/06/10 Phnom Penh CPO.

In Cambodia nearly 250 lives are claimed by flooding since August whilst 18 of the 23 provinces are soaked. Agricultural land in Kampong Chhnang, Kandal and Svay Rieng provinces is waterlogged, fortunately Battambang, the bread basket of the country, is only little affected.

The beauty of Kampong Chhnang Province.
Postcard: Kampong Chhnang rural scene
Stamp: 2004 Khmer Aspect
Postmark: 14/05/05 Kampong Chhnang City PO

Areas affected by flooding. (Source: WMO)

Mail traffic is not seriously affected because traditionally from May to October it is the rainy season and so mail mostly travels by air rather than by land.

12 October 2011

Bogus Stamps Showing Helicopters

In the May 2011 issue of Indo-China Philatelist (ICP #198), philatelist Thierry Wiart called for attention of a Cambodian bogus issue featuring Charles de Gaulle.

There are at least two more bogus stamps not mentioned by Wiart, they are in the same presentation but depicting helicopters, and the country name is now in English but not French. Below shows the stamps in horizontal pair:

The selvedge suggests that they may be in bottom left corner position of a sheetlet, it is unclear if a 9v sheetlet exists, just like that of de Gaulle.

The de Gaulle series has used the country names of Cambodia, Laos and Vietnam. So far only Cambodia has the helicopters but not the other two Indochinese countries.

2 October 2011

"Taxe Percue" of Cambodia

Postage due stamps of independent Cambodia were first introduced in 1957.

In Cambodia no postage due stamps have been issued since postal service resumed in 1979, in fact it is unnecessary to have them because almost all mail senders take their mail to post office to pay and send, occurrence of postage underpayment by senders (I am not making myself stupid by stating "by senders", it can be done by POSTAL CLERKS) is rare.

However a "T.P" (acronym for French "taxe perçue") handstamp cachet is in use, it does not serve the purpose of postage due or postal tax, it tells postage is collected.

This 1991 cover gives a good illustration on the usage. During the inflation period of late 1980s and early 1990s, some post offices were short in postage stamps which caught up with inflation. This cover postmarked 30th November 1991 was franked with one obsolete 3r stamp only, the actual postage of 200r was paid right at the post office counter. "T.P" indicates postage has been fully paid at counter.

Below is a recent sample. On this 2009 cover only one 1500r stamp was affixed, the left out 800r postage was paid at the counter. "T.P" was used to mark full postage paid.

Sometimes "T.P" is used on official mail. Below is from the Ministry of Posts & Telecommunications, "T.P" once again served as postage paid indicator.

14 September 2011

1994 Cover Sisophon to Paris

This cover went from Sisophon of Banteay Meanchey Province, Cambodia to Sceaux of southern Paris, France.

Three stamps paying 1700r postage were canceled at two different places, Sisophon and Phnom Penh.

The 1993 "National Development" 450r and "Fauna" 900r were canceled by a red ink meter of Banteay Meanchey Province, dated 3rd July 1994. The meter only served as a date indicator and postage stamp killer, no postage did it carry. The leftmost stamp, 1993 Bangkok'93 (waterfowl) 350r was uncanceled when it left Sisophon.

Phnom Penh is the mail hub of Cambodia, mail all over the country has to go to Phnom Penh first before heading to its destination. Usually a transit postmark is applied at Phnom Penh CPO. In this case the Phnom Penh black ink cancellation tying the 350r waterfowl stamp is actually a transit postmark.

The Phnom Penh postmark was dated 4th July 1994, the next day of Sisophon departure. Such speedy travel in the rainy season of Cambodia (from May to October) suggests that the cover did not go all the way by road, but by air from Battambang or Siem Reap to Phnom Penh. Road travel during rainy season took at least four days or sometimes as long as two weeks.

To know more about Banteay Meanchey, please click here.

29 August 2011

Guangzhou - Phnom Penh First Flight Cover

First flight covers (FFC) were popular in the days when inauguration of new air routes was a major event. As traveling by air is getting as common as by land, new air route inauguration gradually loses its thrill and FFC face dying supply and demand.

Cambodian FFC created before 1975 were not hard to find. However, since civilian postal service resumed in 1980, new created FFC have become very rare. Two things happen which leads to this rarity, one is the significant drop of collectors interested in post-1979 Cambodian philately, the other is zero support from postal authority in new air route commemoration.

Little collectors interested in post-1979 Cambodian philately is due to heavy commercialization of 1980s and 1990s stamp issues as well as too little information and materials available.

Zero support from postal authority on first flight souvenirs is because in 1980s and most of 1990s there was no direct mail route to international destinations from Cambodia. For political reasons, all mail in and out of the country was via Viet Nam.

Here shows a cover carrying a handstamp cachet which marks the open up of direct air route between Guangzhou (Canton) of China and Phnom Penh of Cambodia. The cover was registered at Liuhua post office of Yuexiu District, Guangzhou on 28th February 1999. The next day, 1st March, the China Southern Airlines Boeing 737-500 made the maiden flight from Guangzhou to Phnom Penh.

On the back the cover is the Phnom Penh Central Post Office arrival postmark dated 5th March.

The postcard below features a 1964 Chinese handstamp cachet (left) which commemorates the opening of air route between Cambodia and PR China. The destinations are the same as the cover shown above, Guangzhou and Phnom Penh, but with a Hanoi stop over.

21 August 2011

Bo Rai Border Camp (UNTAC Mail)

This is a letter sent by a United Nations Transitional Authority in Cambodia (UNTAC) staff located in Bo Rai in 1993.

Bo Rai is a border town in Trat Province of eastern Thailand. It had a Cambodian refugee camp which accommodated the people displaced by the 1985 fighting between the Vietnamese army and the Khmer Rouge along the Thai border.

Bo Rai camp occupants were mainly the refuging Khmer Rouge and their followers. Other than Bo Rai, there were four other similar camps, namely Huay Chan, Na Trao, Ta Luan and Site 8 (Phum Tmey). All these camps were administrated by the Khmer Rouge, Site 8 was the largest and most important one but Bo Rai was where Pol Pot actually lived.

Famous for its gemstone mines, Bo Rai was one of the geese which laid gold eggs to fuel the Khmer Rouge resistance against the Vietnamese backed Phnom Penh government in the second half of 1980s.

Location of border camps held by different factions.
(From John Rogge "Return to Cambodia" 1990)

16 August 2011

1983 Olympics S/S Misperforation

COPERFIL does not have a very good quality control system, perforation errors are quite common on 1980s and 1990s Cambodian stamps.

Common imperfection includes off-centre perforation and blind perforation. Double perforation, imperforate between and perforation shift happen sometimes but something like this is silly:

11 August 2011

Michelle's Adventures at Phnom Penh CPO


Back in June 2009 I mentioned about Michelle's adventures at Phnom Penh Central Post Office, didn't I? For those who missed it, here is a repost, originally written on 22nd January 2009:

"Visiting the main Post Office here in Phnom Penh is always an amusing experience.

"First there are many counters to choose from - Letter, registered letter, registered packet, packet etc etc. There is never a queue of any kind [because no one uses the post for the reasons I am about to explain]. At the right counter you will be ignored by the two women behind it who are "busy" sorting their pencils or similar. When you have their attention they will proceed to "weigh" your letter/packet in a place where you cannot see the weight for yourself.

"They will then randomly pick a charge for the packet. You may manage to work out the cost yourself from a faded list they have stuck to the glass and manage to have a conversation about why they have asked for 12,000 Riel when the table says it should onlybe 8,000 Riel. If you are lucky they will shrug and reduce the price. Otherwise, they may just stare blankly (or still shrug) and you are stuck with the random price.

"Next challenge... you get the stamps... or do you? Often the (now helpful) clerk will state that they will now deal with the stamping and posting of your packet. Bad idea to accept this. The idea is that if you do not see the stamps being stuck on your packet then your letter will be binned/the contents of the parcel treated as a gift and the money not put in the Post Office till.

"So you have got the thing "weighed", you have paid the "fee", they have stuck on the stamps.... Next challenge, get the stamps franked (they have to be franked before you put it in the post box). This is where lots of had actions and drama is necessary to get the job done.

"Once you have the letter in your hand fully stamped and franked all that is left is the post box which is far less of a challenge (unless you are using the Post Office on Sihanouk Bvd where the slot is practicially narrower than a letter and looks like it hasn't been opened to collect the mail for a century). You can then inform the person (by email) the packet is on its way - only to be told 3 months later by them that it never arrived.

"So the idea I had to post a good book to a friend at home was never a good one. The charge was incomprehensible to me - so I failed at the first hurdle. I was out-numbered. 2 clerks against 1 foreigner. The cost was $13 (more than the book itself)! Having been ripped off (I think) at this stage I was determined to get my stamps. This is when I was greeted by the ever present phrase uttered here ... "sorry cannot". "Sorry cannot"..... aghhhhhhhhh!!! I had paid my money I was trapped. "Sorry cannot" does not usually follow with an explaination here. However, "Late. [it was 5.30pm] Machine off. I will do" - ummmm. Perhaps being British I couldn't bring myself to challenge this explaination and accuse the women of conspiracy to de-fraud me of my stamps. I just said "please - do it tomorrow".

"I had no hope of the packet ever reaching the UK. $13 that would be more than a week's salary so the temptation too much.... On the upside when I went outside the PO I saw a whole family of monkeys - including tiny baby ones...walking across the main electric cables!

"But monkeys were not the purpose of the trip and so I sadly emailed my friend apologising for my lack of conviction in the Post Office to get the stamps stuck and cursed my wasted $13 (equaling 13 beers in happy hour). Then behold!!!!!!! Today, about ten days later, the packet arrived! Oh sweet JOY! and faith in the Cambodian postal system restored!!!! On reflection it was a book (Cambodian's don't generally read let alone read English novels) and I bet the stamps were far stuck on were far less than $13...."

Michelle is a briton living in Phnom Penh. The following are some selected replies to her original blog post:

dsingis said...
"The Phnom Penh Post Office is, indeed, a very funny typical Cambodian specialty. After shipping a lot small parcels, I thought I would know the system. Weighing the letter or parcel at home, look in the tariff list, how much it is, write it on the enveloppe. And go to the post-office.
Their scales were always better than my electronic scale, saying 200 gramms heavier or more.
Than they tried to charge the tariff for the most expensive Zone F (USA), even when the shipping was going to Asia.
The best way to get things done, is shipping by registered letter or parcel. Than they cannot cheat and You can be sure, Your shipping reaches its destiny in less than a week.
Tomorrow I have to go to this very nice place to ship 2.8 Kg to Europe. With a big smile in my face I will enjoy that adventure."
Monday, July 13, 2009

Paul said...
"Hi, lived here for 4 years now (from UK), and use the Post Office about 3 times a week (a sucker for punishment).
For the average tourist, you will be better (as another poster said) to use the registered service, as the paperwork has to be completed and rubber-stamped, in front of you.
If you use the counters round the back, the chances of your package reaching your destination are not that good.
I work for a big company here, and receive parcels very regularly, but only because they are adressed to a company,they dare not 'intercept' them.
I get very good service, partly because I 'speaka da lingo', and partly because I always drop a couple of thousand reil extra, onto the counter for the girls.
2000r is only about 30p (50c), but is good insurance for ensuring good service, and a welcoming smile when you arrive.
They also call me on the phone, as soon as the package arrives, to make sure I'm not having an unnecessary ride into town from work/home (9Km).
Bottom line is; spend a little bit extra, and go the registered route."
Tuesday, October 27, 2009

Caron Margarete said...
"I find the post office here infuriating, mostly because most offices close for a 3hr lunch between 11-2 and the front counter staff are the closest thing to useless, lazy and unreliable, and that's just those that can actually speak some English.
If you have any drama ask for Mr Mardy (small packets counter) who is undoubtably the nicest man ever because he knows his fellow employees are unhelpful on purpose.
Do not get upset or angry because the Khmer will laugh at you and ignore you. This is common throughout the country because of their custom for saving face.
Mr Mardy tells me that come January 2011 (which will more likely be March knowing this place!) that they're privatising the postal service so here's hoping that makes things better.
Definitely use registered post to send/ receive mail."
Monday, December 13, 2010

For Michelle's original blog page, please click here.

23 June 2011

Cambodian Stamps in Private hands Go Obsolete

Cambodia Post no longer accept stamps as postage prepayment.

Cambodia Post becomes a public enterprise starting from 2011. The first move that surprise stamps collectors is to make all stamps which have already sold obsolete.

First in February Cambodia Post declared three stamps invalid for postal use:

1997 Definitives "Tuk Chua" 2500r
1997 Definitives "Tuk Chua" 3000r
2001 Defintives "Takeo" 1500r

This is the corresponding action taken against a stamp theft at the CPO archive a while earlier. For the first time Cambodia officially declares stamps issued after 1979 as obsolete.

Then at the same time, postal clerks request all mail senders to pay at counter for their mail, equivalent cost of stamps are given for franking. Stamps franked prior are not accepted.

In other words, all mint stamps in private hands are obsolete in practice.

The new policy does not cause much impact on mail service users because people always send their mail by taking it to the post office to pay and send, it is not a common practice to buy stamps in advance for further use, nor to use letter boxes on the streets.

18 June 2011

2011 AIDS Stamps Update

It is confirmed that Cambodia Post scheduled to issue a set of 4v stamps on 5th June 2011 to commemorate "30 Years since the Start of AIDS Epidemic". At the end of the month the stamps will be officially launched.

Stamp designs are to promote safe sex, monogamy and faithfulness.

(Special thanks to Graham Shaw for the information supplied)

29th June Update: for further information, please visit Graham Shaw's page (click here).

8 June 2011

1981 Postmark Year Slug Inverted

Here is the 1980 4v full set (the first stamp issue after Pol Pot regime collapsed) franked on cover to France in 1981. In 1980 and 1981 the full set was often used as propaganda signifying national rebirth.

The cover would have been boring if the postmark is not as such:

The year slug "81" are inverted, numerals upside down.

30 May 2011

Save the Prey Lang Forest

In 2010 Cambodia issued a 5v + S/S set to raise public awareness in combating climate change. Two stamps are devoted to forest protection:

Cambodia has one of the highest rates of deforestation in the world although HM King Sihamoni have cried out for forest protection.

Last Wednesday 200 representatives from Prey Lang (Prey Long) protested in Phnom Penh calling for a Economic Land Concession (ELC) license suspension in Prey Lang. There are more protesters back in Prey Lang.

Protesters including Buddhist monks hope the government
can save Prey Lang. (courtesy: Cambodia Sin Chew Daily)

The representatives gathered at Freedom Park to hand officials a petition signed by more than 30,000 people opposed to land concessions in the Prey Lang forest.

Location of Prey Lang. The forest covers parts of Preah Vihear,
Steung Treng, Kratie and Kampong Thom provinces.

Prey Lang, situated in northern Cambodia, is an area of 360,000 hectares which is the largest of intact lowland evergreen forest remaining in all Indochinese Peninsula. It is home to the Kuy indigenous tribe as well as a whole diversity of wildlife including nearly a hundred endangered or threatened species of fauna and flora.

Rare Prey Lang fauna include Indochinese tiger,
Gaur, Asian elephant and Giant ibis.

In spite of these, provincial officials describe Prey Lang as a "dull forest". Many ELCs have been approved to explore. Projects include logging, mining, plantations and road network.

According to the government, ELCs are designed to "...increase employment in rural areas within a framework of intensification and diversification of livelihood opportunities and within a framework of natural resource management based on appropriate ecological system". However this is not what the people of Prey Lang have found.

The Prey Lang forest in Kampong Thom Province has lost 6,000 hectares to CRCK for commercial rubber plantation, another 1,000 hectares in Preah Vihear Province are awarded to PNT. The companies have started destroying forest to make way for rubber trees, local residents found more than 243,650 trees are cut in the primary forest. Two more plantations are planned to the north of this area, the government may already have awarded these concessions.

More than 200,000 people, mostly indigenous, live in or around the forest in four provinces and a significant number depend on the forest resources for their livelihoods. There are 339 villages around Prey Lang, forest destruction means a loss of home and survival.

Protesters reveal that the two ELCs are licensed to Vietnamese companies, the Vietnamese bulldoze Prey Lang without any environmental impact assessments, and take the best Cambodian timber to Vietnam. At the end of the day Vietnamese enterprises are benefited while Cambodians and the environment suffer.

More on Prey Lang:

A short extract of an hour long documentary by Ben and Jocelyn Pederick:
Prey Lang One Forest One Future. Full version will be available soon.

Learn about Prey Lang and updated news: Prey Lang – It's YOUR Forest Too!

28 May 2011

Cambodia on Foreign Stamps (Part 2)

The end of Cold War in 1989 reset the world power balance, it also broke the strong economic and political tie with the former Soviet Bloc.

One of the few remaining communist states - Cuba celebrated
50th years of diplomatic relationship with Cambodia in 2010

Under the new world order Cambodia rapidly embraced the globalized economy by developing whole new international and regional economic partnerships. In 2004 Cambodia became a member of World Trade Organization (WTO) which offers firm and predictable treatment for products and services of Cambodia in the worldwide market.

Cambodia on United Nations 2006 Flags and Coins series

Regionally a significant move was made in 1999 by joining the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN).

Cambodian flag depicted on 2006 Malaysia,
2004 Laos and 2010 Vietnam ASEAN stamps.

Currently ASEAN has ten members covering all southeast Asia except East Timor. When first founded in 1967, the bloc aimed at improving trade cooperation within the anti-Communist nations of the region. ASEAN now has the goal of facilitating economic growth, social progress, cultural development and environmental improvement. However the organization does not always work well as expected, recently it fails to resolve Cambodian-Thai border conflict.

The border conflict basically focuses on Prasat Preah Vihear, a Khmer temple which straddles the border in the Dangrek Mountains. The ancient Khmer Empire had a vast territory which included all or parts of modern-day Laos, Vietnam, Thailand, Burma and Malaysia, it has left numerous temple ruins scattered across the area, particularly in Thailand and Laos.

Laos 1997 Commemoration of Lao Admission to ASEAN. Built in 11th century,
Wat Phou is a Khmer temple in present-day Champasak Province of Laos.
The temple has a unique structure, in which the elements lead to a
shrine where a linga was bathed in water from a mountain spring.

Laos 2003 World Heritage Site - Wat Phou 3v and S/S FDC.
The temple was designated a World Heritage Site in 2001.

Thailand 1995 Thai Heritage Conservation - Phimai Historical Park 4v set.
It is Khmer heritage rather than Thai, built in the reigns of King
Jayavarman VI and VII of Angkor (1080-1219), Prasat Phimai is
located in now Nakhon Ratchasima Province of Thailand.
It was a Tantric Buddhist temple.

Thailand 1997 Thai Heritage Conservation - Phanomrung Historical Park
1st Series S/S. Prasat Phanomrung is a Khmer temple complex set on
the rim of an extinct volcano in now Buriram Province of Thailand. It was
built in sandstone and laterite in 10th to 13th centuries. The complex
was a Hindu shrine dedicated to Shiva and it symbolises Mount Kailash,
Shiva's heavenly dwelling.

Thailand 1998 Thai Heritage Conservation - Phanomrung
Historical Park 2nd Series S/S

Amongst all Khmer temples the mega star is Angkor Wat. Built for King Suryavarman II in the early 12th century, Angkor Wat was the state temple of the Khmer Empire, and it also served as the première temple of Angkor Thom, capital of the empire during its height.

France 2011 150th Death Anniversary of Henri Mouhot

Angkor Wat was popularized to Europeans by French explorer Henri Mouhot. In his 1868 travel journals "Voyage dans les Royaumes de Siam, de Cambodge, de Laos et Autres Parties Centrales de l'Indo-Chine", Mouhot enchanced his description with illustrations and exclaimed that none of the ancient Greek and Roman buildings could be compared to the splendid Angkor Wat.

France 1993 UNESCO World Heritage

Vietnam 1993 Southeast Asian ancient architecture

Japan 2003 ASEAN-Japan Exchange Year

Mozambique 2000 World Heritage Sities - Asia

World tourists flock in Angkor Wat and surrounding ruins bringing in thousands of millions of US dollars. Although the money is big, in a country like Cambodia which everything rebuilds at ground zero, the piece of cake shared by social services is small. Education and health care for children is inadequate and it heavily depends on foreign assistance. If education can reduce poverty, Cambodia has a long way to go.

Andorra 2004 Children of the World - Cambodian children FDC

For part 1 of "Cambodia on Foreign Stamps", please click here.